Fact Sheet Sources





1. Animal Agriculture

2. Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation

3. Animals in Entertainment

4. Companion Animals

5. Emotions (Chart)

6. Farmed Animal Sentience and Intelligence

7. Fishing and Marine Issues

8. Food Chains and Webs

9. The Fur Industry

10. Hidden Animal Ingredients

11. Human Impact on the Natural Environment

12. Humane Science Projects and Alternatives to Dissection

13. Hunting and Trapping

14. Marine Mammals

15. The Natural World (Chart)

16. Spay/Neuter Myths and Realities

17. Unpopular Animals

18. Animals Working for Humans

19. Animal Senses and Abilities



1. Animal Agriculture


Related Fact Sheets:


Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation

Fishing and Marine Issues

The Fur Industry




"2006 North American E. coli outbreak." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 18 February 2009.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_United_States_E._coli_outbreak

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2006_North_American_E._coli_outbreak&oldid=271540983


"Abolition of battery cages in EU-25." The Poultry Site

Web: http://www.thepoultrysite.com/articles/324/abolition-of-battery-cages-in-eu25-cost-estimated-at-euro354-million

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKWoS3V3


"Animal Products." United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service. 26 April 2012.

Web: http://www.ers.usda.gov/Browse/view.aspx?subject=AnimalProducts

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JfjCX1d


"Appropriate Planned Vegetarian Diets Are Healthful, May Help in Disease Prevention and Treatment, Says American Dietetic Association." Eat Right. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 1 July 2009.

Web: http://www.eatright.org/Media/content.aspx?id=1233&terms=vegetarian+position+paper

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JWww5fF


"Aquaculture — new opportunities and a cause for hope." Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Web: http://www.fao.org/focus/e/fisheries/aqua.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKWx0JWo


"Cattle ranching is encroaching on forests in Latin America: Causing severe environmental degradation," Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome, 2005.

Web: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2005/102924/index.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKXVs7ny


Delgado, Christopher, et al., “Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution” (IFPR/FAO/ILRI, 1999)

Web: http://www.ifpri.org/2020/dp/dp28.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKXf9tsp


Emerson, Craig. "Aquaculture Impacts on the Environment," 1999.

Web: http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/aquacult/overview.php

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKXxYsMO


"Injury and Injustice—America's Poultry Industry." United Food and Commercial Workers Union.

Web: www.ufcw.org/press_room/fact_sheets_and_backgrounder/poultryindustry_.cfm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xSDjTHP4


Jamieson, Dave. "USDA Poultry Plant Proposal Could Allow Plants To Speed Up Processing Lines, Stirring Concern For Workers." The Huffington Post. 20 April 2012.

Web: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/19/usda-poultry-inspections-workers_n_1438390.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JdYKfxb


Kirby, David. "Swine Flu Outbreak — Nature Biting Back at Industrial Animal Production?" The Huffington Post. 25 April 2009.

Web: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-kirby/swine-flu-outbreak----nat_b_191408.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JgBHBMt


"Livestock's Long Shadow: environmental issues and options." Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome, 2006.

Web: http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/a0701e/a0701e00.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKYYSwyW


McMichael, Anthony J. et al. "Food, livestock production, energy, climate change, and health." The Lancet, 2007; 370: 1253–63. (Summary)

Web: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(07)61256-2/abstract

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JhE4ARy


"Putting Meat on the Table: Industrial Farm Animal Production in America." Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production, Final Report, April 29, 2008.

Web: http://www.ncifap.org

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKYdmoQM


"Vegetarian Diets." American Heart Association.

Web: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Vegetarian-Diets_UCM_306032_Article.jsp

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JiDxsWk


"Vegetarian Starter Kit." Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), Washington, DC

Web: http://www.pcrm.org/pdfs/health/vsk.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JhThuPP


"World – Livestock Production – Number of Animals Slaughtered." GLIPHA: Global Livestock Production and Health Atlas, KIDS (Key Indicator Data System). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. December, 2009.
Web: http://kids.fao.org/glipha/



2. Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation


Related Fact Sheet:


Humane Science Projects


Related Lesson Plan:


Learning About Life?




Bekoff, Marc. The Emotional Lives of Animals: A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy—and Why They Matter. Novato, CA: New World Library, 2008.


Greek, C. Ray and Jean Swingle Greek. Specious Science: How Genetics and Evolution Reveal Why Medical Research on Animals Harms Humans. New York: Continuum, 2002.


Greek, C. Ray and Jean Swingle Greek. Sacred Cows and Golden Geese: The Human Cost of Experiments on Animals. New York: Continuum, 2002.




Anderegg, Christopher, et al. A Critical Look at Animal Experimentation. Medical Research Modernization Committee, 2006.

Web: http://www.mrmcmed.org/Critcv.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjdYQSL


Brody, Jane E. "PERSONAL HEALTH; A Price to Pay as Autopsies Lose Favor." The New York Times, 9 January 2001.

Web: http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/09/health/personal-health-a-price-to-pay-as-autopsies-lose-favor.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjgYbCQ 


Choinski, Elizabeth. "Animal Testing Alternatives: Online Resources." Science and Technology Sources on the Internet. University of Mississippi Libraries. Summer 2000.

Web: http://www.istl.org/00-summer/internet.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjivB54


"Dangerous Prescription: A Dirty Dozen." PBS: Frontline. 2003.

Web: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/prescription/etc/dozen.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5nNKZ4QRa


EPA Office of the Science Advisor. "The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Strategic Plan for Evaluating the Toxicity of Chemicals." EPA/100/K-09/001, March 2009

Web: http://www.epa.gov/osa/spc/toxicitytesting/docs/toxtest_strategy_032309.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xSEJNzbc


"EU bans cosmetic testing on animals." Marie Claire. 12 March 2009.

Web: http://au.lifestyle.yahoo.com/b/marie-claire/7455/eu-bans-cosmetic-testing-on-animals/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjmQPGa


Gentleman, Amelia and Andrew Osborn. "Secret French move to block animal-testing ban." The Guardian. 19 August 2003.

Web: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/aug/19/eu.businessofresearch

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjqJAmp


Gruber, Franz P. and David G. Dewhurst. "Alternatives to Animal Experimentation in Biomedical Education." ALTEX (Johns Hopkins, Alternatives to Animal Experiments) 21, Suppl. 1/04, 26 November 2004.

Web: http://www.altex.ch/resources/gruberdewhurst_suppl_2004.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JigGUtw


"List of withdrawn drugs." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 29 September 2009.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_withdrawn_drugs

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_withdrawn_drugs&oldid=316903418


Lister, Sam. "Animal experiments could end in a generation." Animal Earth Human: Helping humans see animals in society. 5 June 2009.

Web: http://www.animalearthhuman.org/wordpress/?p=316

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JjNtU5d


"New EU rules on animal testing ban use of apes." The Independent. 12 September 2010.

Web: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/new-eu-rules-on-animal-testing-ban-use-of-apes-2077443.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/64Uyqsyzf


Nickerson, Colin. "Are the lab rat's days numbered?" The Boston Globe, 30 March 2009.

Web: http://www.boston.com/business/healthcare/articles/2009/03/30/are_the_lab_rats_days_numbered/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjsOJvC


"Psychological Experiments." Concern for Helping Animals in Israel (CHAI).

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/compassion/experiment_psychological.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5nNKkHo1n


Roy, S., Miller, C. T., Gottsch, D., & Wang, X. (2011). Vocal control by the common marmoset in the presence of interfering noise. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 214 (21), 3619-3629.


Sharpe, Robert. "101 Misleading Results From Vivisection." International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals (IAAPEA)
Web: http://www.iaapea.com/101.php

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5wfkDvp3d


"V-Frog: Virtual Frog Dissection." A Tacitus Technologies White Paper. 2007

Web: http://www.tactustech.com/products/vfrog/documents/V-Frog-White-Paper.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xSF3CZSu


West, Larry. "Does Classroom Dissection Deplete Species, Encourage Cruelty to Animals?" About.com.

Web: http://environment.about.com/od/biodiversityconservation/a/dissection.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hBjuahqg


"What's Wrong With Xeno?" The Campaign for Responsible Transplantation (CRT). 2000.

Web: http://www.crt-online.org/wrong.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xBQ1mIy8


"Xenotransplantation" Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 17 February 2011.


Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xenotransplantation&oldid=414464571



3. Animals in Entertainment




Green, Alan. Animal Underworld: Inside America's Black Market for Rare and Exotic Species. New York: PublicAffairs, 1999.


Hediger, Heini. The Psychology and Behaviour of Animals in Zoos and Circuses. New York: Dover, 1992.


Jensen, Derrick. Thought to Exist in the Wild: Awakening from the Nightmare of Zoos. Santa Cruz, CA: No Voice Unheard, 2007.


Johnson, William M. The Rose-Tinted Menagerie: A History of Animals in Entertainment, from Ancient Rome to the 20th Century. United Kingdom: Heretic Books, Ltd. Iridescent Publishing, 1994.




"10 facts about zoos." Captive Animals Protection Society (CAPS). 3 March 2010.

Web: http://www.captiveanimals.org/news/2010/03/10-facts-about-zoos

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JnViC5f


"Animals Are Not Ours for Entertainment." Circuses.com

Web: http://www.circuses.com/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKYlb8tJ


"Animals in Entertainment: Cruel Spectacles." Born Free USA.

Web: http://www.bornfreeusa.org/a1_entertainment.php

PDF: cruel_spectacles.pdf (provided here with permission from the copyright holder)


"Animals in Entertainment." DawnWatch.

Web: http://www.dawnwatch.com/entertainment.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKYz44nu


Berens, Michael J. "Portland's baby elephant belongs to traveling show." The Seattle Times. 4 December 2012.

Web: http://seattletimes.com/html/localnews/2019822187_elephants04m.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6DCZ0lCYi


"Circus Myths." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/circuses_entertainment/facts/circus_myths.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674NeBayv


CITES (The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speces of Wild Fauna and Flora)

Web: http://www.cites.org/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZAhhzh


"Dolphin drive hunting." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 18 April 2011.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolphin_drive_hunting

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dolphin_drive_hunting&oldid=424674398


"Entertainment Animals—History, U.S. Legislation and Regulation, Circuses, Movies and Television, Zoos." Library Index.

Web: http://www.libraryindex.com/pages/261/Entertainment-Animals.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZFVxcs


"Horse Racing." Animal Aid.

Web: http://www.animalaid.org.uk/h/n/CAMPAIGNS/horse/ALL///

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZM3iGI


"Horse Racing—the Horror Behind the Glamour." Concern for Helping Animals in Israel (CHAI).

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/compassion/entertainment_racing.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZQk08c


"Is it morally wrong to keep animals in zoos?" BBC Home.

Web: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/ethics/animals/using/entertainment_1.shtml

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZW34uH


Lewan, Todd (AP). "Gorilla heart disease deaths puzzling zoos." Los Angeles Times. 9 April 2008.

Web: http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2008/04/gorilla-heart-d.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5ic3ACNU5


"Marine Mammals in Captivity." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). 25 September 2009.

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/captive_marine/facts/marine_captivity.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5y2ntWXAm


"Marine pollution" Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 15 April 2011.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_pollution

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marine_pollution&oldid=424131501


McGee, K., Lanier, J. L. and Grandin, T. "Characterization of horses at auctions and in slaughter plants." Colorado State University: Equine Extension. 2001.

Web: http://equineextension.colostate.edu/content/view/162/57/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZfp6H7


"The Plight of Marine Mammals: The Case Against Captivity."

Web: http://www.idausa.org/campaigns/marine/captivity.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5y2ny5Mpu


"Rodeos—the Brutal Reality." Concern for Helping Animals in Israel (CHAI).

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/compassion/entertainment_rodeos.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKZk4Zeb



4. Companion Animals


Related Fact Sheets:


Animals in Entertainment

Fishing and Marine Issues


Books and Periodical Articles:


Ascione, Frank R. and Phil Arkow. Child Abuse, Domestic Violence, and Animal Abuse: Linking the Circles of Compassion for Prevention and Intervention. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1999.


Ascione, Frank R. Children and Animals: Exploring the Roots of Kindness. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2005.


Bilger, Burkhard. "Swamp Things: Florida's Uninvited Predators." The New Yorker. 20 April 2009.


Olmert, Meg Daley. Made for Each Other: The Biology of the Human-Animal Bond. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2009.


Thurston, Mary Elizabeth. The Lost History of the Canine Race: Our 15,000 Year Love Affair with Dogs. New York: Avon Books, 1997.




"Common Dangers for Cats and Dogs." Concern for Helping Animals in Israel.

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/companion/caring_dangers.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5g5eBUhsi


Deaton, Christiane. "Humanizing Prisons with Animals: A Closer Look at 'Cell Dogs' and Horse Programs in Correctional Institutions." Journal of Correctional Education, March 2005.

Web: http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=209636 (Abstract)

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/65KOjm4rV (Abstract)


Greene, Gina. "Kids' best friends: Pets help prevent allergies." CNN.com, 28 August 2002.

Web: http://archives.cnn.com/2002/HEALTH/parenting/08/27/kid.pet.allergies/index.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hGZCuzts


Hirst, K. Kris. "Dog History: How Were Dogs Domesticated?" About.com.

Web: http://archaeology.about.com/od/domestications/qt/dogs.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5g5e4AdyO


"Human-Animal Bond Resource Center: Health Benefits of Animals," Delta Society.

Web: http://www.deltasociety.org/Page.aspx?pid=315

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5g5eCrIqf


Kotulak, Ronald. Kotulak, Ronald. "Scientists find cleanliness could lead way—to asthma." Chicago Tribune, 19 September 2002.

Web: http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2002-09-19/news/0209190314_1_asthma-endotoxin-immune-system

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67Jo4kMjD


"Living with a House Rabbit." House Rabbit Society.

Web: http://www.rabbit.org/care/hrsbroGray.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5gOmeaeyl


Mlot, Christine. "Stalking the Ancient Dog: Man's best friend may go way back." Science News Online, 28 June 1997.

Web: http://www.sciencenews.org/sn_arc97/6_28_97/bob1.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5g5e6tY3O


Ownby, Dennis R., Christine Cole Johnson, and Edward L. Peterson. "Exposure to Dogs and Cats in the First Year of Life and Risk of Allergic Sensitization at 6 to 7 Years of Age." JAMA. August 2002; 288: 963-972.

Web: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/288/8/963

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5hGYvMFWv


"Pet." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 28 April 2009.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pet&oldid=286749824


Pickrell, John. "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-Year-Old Burial Found on Cyprus." National Geographic News, 8 April 2004.

Web: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/04/0408_040408_oldestpetcat.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5g5e9Bm5y


"Puppy Mills." The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). 25 January 2012.
Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/puppy_mills/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/65JBnqvJ3


Summers, Kathleen. "Pet Mills Churn Out More Than Puppies." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), October, 2008.

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/puppy_mills/facts/pet_mills.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674NgPwEw


"Why Spay/Neuter Is Crucial." Concern for Helping Animals in Israel.

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/companion/overpopulation_sn_crucial.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5gOojMOki



5. Emotions (CHART)


Parrott, W. G., ed. Emotions in Social Psychology, Philadelphia: Psychology Press, 2001 — as cited on the following websites:


"Basic emotions." ChangingMinds.org.

Web: http://changingminds.org/explanations/emotions/basic emotions.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xJYPD54y


"List of emotions." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 12 March 2011.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_emotions

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_emotions&oldid=418529513)



6. Farmed Animal Sentience and Intelligence


"Scientific Papers on Animal Sentience." Compassion in World Farming Trust.

Web: http://www.ciwf.org.uk/animal_sentience/science/research/scientific_papers/default.aspx

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xna91D2o


Turner, Jacky. Stop – Look – Listen: Recognizing the Sentience of Farm Animals. Compassion in World Farming Trust. Updated version: 2006.

Web: http://www.ciwf.org.uk/includes/documents/cm_docs/2008/s/stop_look_listen_2006.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xSGpzSf0



7. Fishing and Marine Issues


"A Fine Kettle of Fish." Baywatch.com, from EarthTalk, E/The Environmental Magazine. 6 April 2008.

Web: http://bayweekly.com/old-site/year08/issuexvi15/earthtalkxvi15.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67Jrz7O6Q


"Banned Chemicals Found in Popular Nutritional Supplement." Greenpeace. 21 February 2007.

Web: http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/news/banned-chemicals-found-in-popu

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKeYQRXE


"Brian Skerry reveals ocean's glory — and horror." TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design). Filmed April 2010; Posted June 2010 (video).

Web: http://www.ted.com/talks/brian_skerry_reveals_ocean_s_glory_and_horror.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5sXwud2ms


Brown, Culum. "Familiarity with the test environment improves escape responses in the crimson spotted rainbowfish, Melanotaenia duboulayi." SpringerLink. 6 November 2000.

Web: http://www.springerlink.com/content/yn3m2eutudgya7ak/ (Click title for Abstract and Preview)

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKeeDDXH (Abstract)


Burt de Perera, Theresa. "Fish can encode order in their spatial map." The Royal Society. 24 September 2004.

Web: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1691836&blobtype=pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKelf24u


"Commercial fishing causes dangerous fluctuations in fish populations." Biology News Net. October 20, 2006.

Web: http://www.biologynews.net/archives/2006/10/20/commercial_fishing_causes_dangerous_fluctuations_in_fish_populations.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKet2lBc


Fahrenthold, David A. "Man-Made Chemicals May Put Strain on Fish." The Washington Post. 18 March 2008.

Web: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/17/AR2008031702506_pf.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKfUfStL


"FDA Warns Women of Seafood Dangers." About.com: US Government Info.

Web: http://usgovinfo.about.com/cs/consumer/a/fdaonfish.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fKfqVbV4


Kirby, Alex. "Aquaria 'risk to tropical fish.'" BBC News. 30 September 2003.

Web: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3151384.stm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLNoWWvN


"Longline Fishing Threatens Seabirds and Other Marine Life." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS).

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/fisheries/facts/longline_fishing_marine_life.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674NiP6wr


"Marine Protected Areas." Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC).

Web: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-4524

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67K336FdX


"Mercury Contamination in Fish: Know Where It's Coming From." Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).

Web: http://www.nrdc.org/health/effects/mercury/sources.asp

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JtEtwvZ


Osborne, Darren. "Three-second fish memory 'rubbish'." ABC Science. 14 January 2010.

Web: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2010/01/14/2792407.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5n6Hjvh3a


"Summary of the Chemicals of Concern Found in Fish: San Francisco Bay Pilot Study, 1994." California OEHHA: Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.

Web: http://oehha.ca.gov/fish/nor_cal/sfpilot.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLOOFNrL


University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences. "What's In The Water? Estrogen-like Chemicals Found In Fish Caught In Pittsburgh's Rivers, USA." ScienceDaily. 17 April 2007.

Web: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070417114749.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLOhtgXQ


Weise, Elizabeth, "Mercury found in all fish caught in U.S.-tested streams." USA TODAY. 19 August 2009.

Web: http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2009-08-19-fish-mercury_N.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67JqyueRs


Yue, Stephanie. "An HSUS Report: Fish and Pain Perception." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). 2 December 2008.

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/farm/hsus-fish-and-pain-perception.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674Nk4cv0


Yue, Stephanie. "An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Farmed Fish at Slaughter." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). 6 January 2008.

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/farm/hsus-the-welfare-of-farmed-fish-at-slaughter.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674Nlc4Uw



8. Food Chains and Webs


Kimball, John. "Food Chains." Kimball's Biology Pages. 2008.

Web: http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/F/FoodChains.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fIyJs9Zm 



9. The Fur Industry


Related Fact Sheet:


Hunting and Trapping




Nadeau, Chantal. Fur Nation: From the Beaver to Brigitte Bardot. London: Routledge, 2001.


Preece, Rod and Lorna Chamberlain. Animal Welfare and Human Values. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1993.


Prentice, Arthur. A Candid View of the Fur Industry. Bewdley, Ontario: Clay Publishing, 1976.




"About the Canadian Seal Hunt." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/seal_hunt/facts/about_seal_hunt.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674NnWxPz


"Cat & Dog Fur Facts." In Defense of Animals (IDA)

Web: http://www.idausa.org/facts/catdogfur.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67L7t9jJO


CITES (The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)

Web: http://www.cites.org/


Coalition to Abolish the Fur Trade (CAFT)

Web: http://www.caft.org.uk


"Fur." Concern for Helping Animals in Israel (CHAI)

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/compassion/clothes_fur.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLgxOyT0


Fur Free Alliance

Web: http://www.infurmation.com


Fur Information Council of America

Web: http://www.fur.org

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLh9QXLJ


"Fur Trade." Global Action Network

Web: http://www.gan.ca/campaigns/fur+trade/index.en.html

Archived by WebCite®:


Galbraith, Kate. "Back in Style: The Fur Trade" New York Times, December 24, 2006.

Web: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/24/business/yourmoney/24fur.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xSHRSoIQ


"How Do Fur Animals Die?" Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/WILD_How_Do_Fur_Animals_Die.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674QNV3S4


Jowit, Juliette and Soldal, Hildegunn. "It's the new sport for tourists: killing baby seals." guardian.co.uk. 3 October 2004.

Web: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/oct/03/environment.conservation

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLhq1Mkm


Mayer, Eric. "Native American History: The Fur Trade"

Web: http://emayzine.com/lectures/furtrade.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLhxXhUn


"Pagophilus groenlandicus—Harp Seal." MarineBio

Web: http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=302

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLi3ZdyE


Peterson, Lesley A. "Detailed Discussion of Fur Animals and Fur Production." Animal Legal & Historical Center, Michigan State University College of Law. 2010.

Web: http://www.animallaw.info/articles/ddusfur.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67KrhFcxE


"Questions and Answers about Fur" Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/WILD_Questions_and_Answers_about_Fur.pdf 

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674Ntltmg


"Seal Hunt Facts." Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

Web: http://www.seashepherd.org/seals/seal-hunt-facts.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLiNZP2y


"Seal hunting." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 27 February 2009.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seal_hunting

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seal_hunting&oldid=277739776


"UNANIMOUS VOTE — EU ANNOUNCES BAN ON CAT AND DOG FUR." Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). 19 June 2007.

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/EU_Release.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674NqdTSK


"Why commercial sealing is cruel." International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW).

Web: http://www.ifaw.org/us/our-work/seals/why-commercial-sealing-cruel

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67K3a8ZWJ



10. Hidden Animal Ingredients



11. Human Impact on the Natural Environment


Related Fact Sheets:


Animal Agriculture

Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation

Animals in Entertainment

Companion Animals




Benyus, Janine M. Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. New York: Harper Perennial, 2002.


Garlough, Donna, Wendy Gordon, and Seth Bauer. Green Guide: The Complete Reference for Consuming Wisely. New York: Random House and National Geographic, 2008.


Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. New York: Back Bay Books, 2002.


Wuerthner, George, ed. The Wildfire Reader: A Century of Failed Forest Policy. Sausalito, CA: Foundation for Deep Ecology, 2006.




Biello, David. "Corals Face Catastrophic Bleaching." Scientific American podcast. 12 September 2010.

Web: http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=corals-face-catastrophic-bleaching-10-09-13

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6Ekm2t5Xc


Biello, David. "Rising Temperatures Could Cook Coral to Death." RSN (Reader Supported News). 4 February 12.

Web: http://readersupportednews.org/news-section2/312-16/9788-rising-temperatures-could-cook-coral-to-death

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6Ekm0KFzV


"Causes of rainforest destruction." Save the Rainforest.

Web: http://www.savetherainforest.org/savetherainforest_006.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fwdg7i6z


"Climate change and developing countries." World Resources Institute.

Web: http://archive.wri.org/page.cfm?id=1284&z=?

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fwdiB7Al


"Coral reef fish danger." BBC Worldwide: The Blue Planet TV Series.

Web: www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbN161yBBGA 


"Green Guide for Everyday Living." National Geographic.

Web: http://www.thegreenguide.com/


"Human Well-Being." The Environmental Literacy Council, 2008.

Web: http://www.enviroliteracy.org/article.php/1502.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fwdjZrht


Leonard, Annie. The Story of Stuff. Washington, D.C.: Free Range Studios, December 2007.

Web: http://www.storyofstuff.com/movies-all/story-of-stuff/

(20-minute video about the impact of products on the natural environment at every stage of their lifecycle)


Lindsey, Rebecca. "Tropical Deforestation." NASA. March 30, 2007

Web: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Deforestation/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fwdlC83GG


"Pesticides in the United States." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 29 April 2012.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pesticides_in_the_United_States

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pesticides_in_the_United_States&oldid=489763409


"Population and Human Resources." UN Documents: Gathering a Body of Global Agreements

Web: http://www.un-documents.net/ocf-04.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fwdr2ehg


"Reefs in Danger." 12 November 2001.

Web: http://www.riverdeep.net/current/2001/11/111201_reefs.jhtml

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fwdsabJd


Yang, Sarah. "Climate change blamed for dead trees in Africa." UC Berkeley News Center. 12 December 2011.

Web: http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2011/12/12/climate-change-kills-trees-in-africa/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6Ekm89WKf


"Zipper's Green Tips." National Geographic Kidss.

Web: http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/SpaceScience/Green-tips

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5g0UIeTK00



12. Humane Science Projects and Alternatives to Dissection


Related Fact Sheet:


Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation


Related Lesson Plan:


A Change of Heart

Learning About Life?

{whatever new lesson plans Rae is writing about animal experimentation might belong here too}




Ecology Projects: Ideas and Practicals for the Journal of Biological Education. London: Institute of Biology, 1992.


Hairston, R. The Responsible Use of Animals in Biology Classrooms, Including Alternatives to Dissection. Reston, Virginia: National Association of Biology Teachers, 1990.


Hancock, J.M. Biology is Outdoors! A Comprehensive Resource for Studying School Environments. Portland, Maine: J. Weston Walch Education, 1991.


Heintzelman, D.S. The Birdwatcher's Activity Book. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1983.


Humane Biology Projects. Animal Welfare Institute, 1977. (Out of print, but may be available in some libraries.)


Ogilvie, D.M., and R.H. Stinson. Discoveries in Biology: Nondestructive Investigations with Living Animals. Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman Ltd., 1992.


Schwartz, S. (ed.). Humane Science Projects Manual: Grades Pre-Kindergarten through Eight. United Federation of Teachers: Humane Education Committee. 1992.


Schwartz, S. (ed.). Humane Science Projects Manual: Grades Six through Twelve. United Federation of Teachers: Humane Education Committee, 1992.




Ascione, Frank. "The Roots of Cruelty and Kindness to Animals and Others." 1994

Web: http://www.chai-online.org/en/humane/humane_ascione_i.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5uf7Jnfyp


"Comparative Studies of Student Performance: Studies Demonstrating Superior Teaching Effectiveness of Humane Teaching Methods." Animallearn.

Web: http://www.animalearn.org/img/pdf/comparativestudies.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5xSKss6aV


"Formaldehyde." Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition (2011), Department of Health and Human Services: National Toxicology Program. 2011.

Web: http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/twelfth/profiles/Formaldehyde.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67LAAgMUa


Database of Sources of Alternatives to Dissection:


Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, www.oslovet.veths.no/fag.aspx?fag=57&mnu=databases_1


Organizations that Lend Alternatives and/or Offer Additional Information:


American Anti-Vivisection Society (AAVS), www.aavs.org: Animalearn Science Bank, www.animalearn.org/sciencebank.php


The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), www.humanesociety.org


InterNICHE, www.interniche.org — lends alternatives in the biological sciences and veterinary and human medicine, and works with teachers to introduce alternatives


The National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS), www.navs.org


New England Anti-Vivisection Society (NEAVS), www.neavs.org: Ethical Science & Education Coalition (ESEC), www.neavs.org/esec — lends books, videos, models, and computer programs; has a free catalogue of over 400 alternatives


People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), www.peta.org: TeachKind, www.teachkind.org/dissectalt.asp


Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), www.pcrm.org: Dissection Alternatives wwww.dissectionalternatives.org/alternatives/resources.cfm


One Example of an Alternative to Dissection:


The Digital Frog: Virtual frog dissection, anatomy & ecology, http://www.digitalfrog.com/




13. Hunting and Trapping


Related Fact Sheets:


Animals in Entertainment

Fishing and Marine Issues

The Fur Industry




"Coexisting with Wildlife." Animal Protection Institute (API) and Born Free USA

Web: http://www.bornfreeusa.org/a7a_coexist.php

PDF: coexisting_wildlife.pdf (provided here with permission from the copyright holder)


"Inside the Fur Industry: Trapping Maims and Kills Animals." People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)

Web: http://www.helpinganimals.com/wildlife_trapping.asp

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLivWMFT


"The Economics of Hunting." The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/campaigns/wildlife_abuse/hunting_economics.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/674Nw0iAw


"Reproductive Speed Protects Large Animals From Being Hunted To Extinction," ScienceDaily, 17 May 2007.

Web: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/05/070516071747.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLj5ZbfK


"The Thrill of the Kill: Captive Hunts." The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.hsus.org/wildlife_abuse/campaigns/canned/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLjAhOKZ


"Trapping and Fur Trade: Cruel and Unnecessary." Animal Protection Institute (API) and Born Free USA

Web: http://www.bornfreeusa.org/a7b_trapping.php

PDF: trapping_fur.pdf (provided here with permission from the copyright holder)


"Un-Bearable Trophy Hunting." The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Web: http://www.hsus.org/wildlife_abuse/campaigns/bears/

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5fLjMXjED


"Why Sport Hunting Is Cruel and Unnecessary." People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)

Web: http://www.peta.org/issues/Wildlife/why-sport-hunting-is-cruel-and-unnecessary.aspx

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67LESUdVx



14. Marine Mammals




15. The Natural World (Chart and list)




16. Spay/Neuter Myths and Realities



17. Unpopular Animals


Related Fact Sheets:


Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation

Natural World Chart


Related Lesson Plans:


A World Without

Loving the Nightlife






"All About Bats/Intro to Bats." Bat Conservation International.

Web: http://www.batcon.org/index.php/all-about-bats/intro-to-bats.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHLixJl


"Amazing Bat Facts."

Web: http://www.batrescue.org/batfacts/batfacts.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHNIUuH


"Bats and rabies." Public Health — Seattle & King County, Washington. 30 April 2010.

Web: http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/communicable/diseases/bats.aspx

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHOe02x


"Bat Facts." Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Smithsonian Institution.

Web: http://www.si.edu/Encyclopedia_SI/nmnh/batfacts.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHQLpMq


"Bats: Myth vs. Reality." Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Surveillance, Education and Research Program.

Web: http://www.gsseser.com/Newsletter/archive/bats.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67LF4CncP


Fox, Catherine Clarke. Amazing Bats of Bracken Cave. National Geographic Kids.

Web: http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Bat-cave

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHTu3wX


Mulheisen, Michael and Kathleen Berry. "Eptesicus fuscus: big brown bat." Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 2000.

Web: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Eptesicus_fuscus.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHXcszP


"Vampire bat" Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 16 June 2010.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire_bat

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_bat&oldid=368278205




"California: Counting Rats from Space." The Nature Conservancy.

Web: http://www.nature.org/wherewework/northamerica/states/california/features/kangaroorats.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHZGSgO


Guynup, Sharon and Nicolas Ruggia. "Rats Rule at Indian Temple." National Geographic News. 29 June 2004.

Web: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/06/0628_040628_tvrats.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrHanK8L


Young, Mary Taylor. "Mighty Mites (and Rats) of Colorado's Ecosystem — Gnawing Natives: Colorado's Mice & Rats." Colorado's Wildlife Company. Colorado Division of Wildlife. Spring, 1998.

Web: http://wildlife.state.co.us/Education/TeacherResources/ColoradoWildlifeCompany/Pages/NativesCWCSpr1998.aspx 

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67LFJCqqW




Bakalar, Nicholas. "38 Million Sharks Killed for Fins Annually, Experts Estimate." National Geographic News. 12 October 2006.

Web: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/10/061012-shark-fin.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrTrmcrF


Buczynski, Beth. "U.S. Passes Shark Conservation Act, But Loopholes Remain." Care2. 21 December 2010.

Web: http://www.care2.com/causes/us-passes-shark-conservation-act.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6EkmPbrFJ


"Gordon Ramsay eats Shark Fin Soup for the first time!"

Web: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r65FgUYdBOc


"How, When, & Where Sharks Attack." Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida.

Web: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/Fish/sharks/attacks/howwhen.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrTu2aTn


"Researchers Investigate Fishy Sense of Smell With Hammerhead Shark Model." ScienceDaily. 6 May 2010.

Web: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505092521.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrTvWrmE


"Shark." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 29 June 2010.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shark

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shark&oldid=370815523


Shark Web Site. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries

Web: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sfa/hms/sharks.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrTyh2Y7


"Venezuela Ends Shark Finning, Creates Protected Area." The Pew Charitable Trusts: Environmental Initiatives. 20 June 2012.

Web: http://www.pewenvironment.org/news-room/press-releases/venezuela-ends-shark-finning-creates-protected-area-85899376580

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6EkmZqdAM




Kojorkwarteng, Emmanuel. "The importance of snakes." Daily Graphic. Accra. July 2002.

Web: http://www.biodiversityreporting.org/article.sub?docId=764&c=Ghana&cRef=Ghana&year=2003&date=July 2002

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrU30DwJ


"Snake." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 30 June 2010.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snake

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Snake&oldid=370960829


"Snakes of Massachusetts: Snake Mythology." Natural Resources & Environmental Conservation. University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Web: http://www.masnakes.org/myths/index.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/67LJjacNl 


Williams, David "Debunking Myths" (see Rattlesnakes). DesertUSA: The Guide to the American Southwest & Desert Regions. January 2003.

Web: http://www.desertusa.com/mag03/Jan/dbnkm.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrU73VCt




Bednarz, Nell O'Briant. "Discovery: The Life and Times of an Arabian Spider." Arabian Wildlife. Volume 2, Number 3. 4 October 1995.

Web: http://www.arabianwildlife.com/archive/vol2.3/spider.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrU9Oq82


"Black Widow Spiders: Latrodectus hesperus." DesertUSA: The Guide to the American Southwest & Desert Regions. July 1997.

Web: http://www.desertusa.com/july97/du_bwindow.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrUBYJ26


Platnick, Norman I. "The World Spider Catalog, Version 10.5: Currently Valid Spider Genera and Species." American Museum of Natural History. 16 December 2009.

Web: http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/COUNTS.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrUDZMua


Ritter, Mario and Bob Bowen. "Controlling Garden Insects with Spiders." Voice of America Special English Agriculture Report. 8 February 2005.

Web: http://www1.voanews.com/learningenglish/home/a-23-a-2005-02-08-2-1-83124287.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrUF9ncE


"Spider." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 30 June 2010.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spider

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spider&oldid=370879432


"Termite Control without Chemicals." HDRA — the organic organisation. 2001.

Web: http://www.gardenorganic.org.uk/pdfs/international_programme/Termite.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/5qrUHHXuy



18. Animals Working for Humans


Related  Fact Sheets:


Animal Agriculture

Animal Experimentation and Xenotransplantation

Animals in Entertainment

Companion Animals

Farmed Animal Sentience

The Fur Industry

Human Impact


Related Lesson Plans:


Everyone Loses (animals in war)

Lights, Camera, Action (animals in the entertainment industry)

Saturday (work horses)

Where We Belong

Workers or Slaves

You Have an Owner (nonhuman and human slavery)




Thurston, Mary Elizabeth. The Lost History of the Canine Race: Our 15,000 Year Love Affair with Dogs. New York: Avon Books, 1997.




"Git Ander, World Trade Center Hero." 2004.

Web: http://www.remember-me-memorial.com/K-9 Heros/GitAnder.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IF0NC49B


"Working animal." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

Web: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Working_animal

Permanent link: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Working_animal&oldid=562260451



19. Animal Senses and Abilities


Related Lesson Plans:


A Special Knowing

Dolphin Trust

Extraordinary Ordinary

Laughter the Best Medicine

Loving the Nightlife




"Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises." Save the Whales.

Web: http://www.savethewhales.org/about_whales.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJDIme5s


"Infrasound." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 7 May 2013.

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrasound

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Infrasound&oldid=554037379




Correa, Julio E. "The Dog's Sense of Smell." Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University). June, 2011.

Web: http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/U/UNP-0066/UNP-0066.pdf

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IHnm4orh




"Color vision." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 16 June 2013

Web: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_vision

Permanent link: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Color_vision&oldid=560152515


"Exploring the fourth dimension." University of Bristol, School of Biological Sciences: Ecology of Vision. 20 March 2009.

Web: http://www.bio.bris.ac.uk/research/vision/4d.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMMipIm


"Jumping Spider." ("The Jumping Spiders have excellent vision and their eyes are arranged to give them 360 degree vision.") SpiderVista. 2007.

Web: http://www.spidervista.com/Jumping_Spider.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMchzsg


Kaplan, Matt. "UV vision reveals chicks' healthy glow." New Scientist. 3 April 2008

Web: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13584-uv-vision-reveals-chicks-healthy-glow-.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMShq05


"Look Inside the Eye." Color Matters.

Web: http://www.colormatters.com/kids/eye.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMOSJpj


"Mantis shrimp vision reveals new way that animals can see." Phys.org. 20 Mar 2008.

Web: http://www.physorg.com/news125235022.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMLIoPl


"Weird Shrimp Has Astounding Vision." ScienceDaily. 15 May 2008.

Web: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080513210456.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMJpJTs


"What does it mean when someone has 20/20 vision?" ("Hawks, owls and other birds of prey have much more acute vision than humans.") Discovery Fit and Health.

Web: http://www.howstuffworks.com/question126.htm

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMeQWbu




Maugh II, Thomas H. "Tip them over and they still point north: Images show cows tend to orient themselves like a compass needle." Los Angeles Times. 26 August 2008.

Web: http://articles.latimes.com/2008/aug/26/science/sci-cows26

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IHnZ07N4




Alleyne, Richard. "Anna's Hummingbird declared fastest animal on Earth." The Telegraph. 10 June 2009.

Web: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/5486203/Annas-Hummingbird-declared-fastest-animal-on-Earth.html

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IJMvT0kw


Barriaux, Marianne. "Dogs trained to warn of an imminent epileptic fit." The Guardian. 15 October 2006.

Web: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2006/oct/16/lifeandhealth.medicineandhealth

Archived by WebCite®: http://www.webcitation.org/6IHntdfbI


Boal, Jean (interview) "Kings of Camouflage: Spineless Smarts. Captivated by Cuttlefish." PBS, NOVA. March 2007

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